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Monday, 11 July 2011 11:26

Speaking Cebuano 8 This, That, That (Over there) Featured

Written by  Chris
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In this lesson, you can learn how to say “this” “that” and “that(over there)” in Cebuano.  These are really important words to know if you're learning any language. Trying to tell the listener what you want and what object you are referring to is crucial to survive in any country you are currently residing. Find out more about how to use these words in Cebuano by listening to the lesson and checking out the free lesson. If you have any question, feel free to post them! Salamat! 

In English, the words “this” and “that” can be used both on their own and to modify words.

Example

In English “This” can be both a modifier and a pronoun- “That table is mine”, “This is my table”. Simple right?

In Cebuano, it gets a little bit complicated. We have 3 demonstrative pronouns/adjectives.

 

This- Kani

(Object is near the subject)

ThatKana

(Object is far from the subject)

That(over there)- Kadto

(Object is very far from the subject, something that cannot be seen already)

 

Let’s try to dissect this one by one.

Using “This, That” as Modifiers

When using Kani, Kana, and Kadto, to modify an object and stating its location, a “nga” is placed after the modifiers.

 

Example

This car- Kani nga sakyanan

That dog- Kana nga iro

That (over there) cat- Kadto nga iring

 

In Cebuano, we usually like to shortcut the words and phrases to make it shorter, like in the case of the words “salug” and “balay”, it is acceptable as well to say “sawg” and “baii”. In this case, instead of saying it “Kani nga Sakyanan” we end up saying it “Kaning sakyanan”. The “nga” is combined with the demonstrative modifier, with the letter “a” being taken out.

 

Example

This glass- Kaning bildo

That dog- Kanang iro

That(Over there) cat- Kadtong iring

 

Using “This, That” as Pronouns

 

This- ni

That- na

That(over there)- to

 

Compared using the “This, That” as modifiers, using them as pronouns entails a different sentence structure. Because we are not modifying anything already, the demonstrative pronouns are placed last on the sentence or phrase. This is in line with the Verb Subject Object arrangement that Cebuano has.

 

Example

This is expensive- Mahal ni

That is a dog- Iro na

That(Over there) was delicious- Lami to

 

More Examples

This wallet is really expensive- Kaning pitaka mahal kaau

What is that?- Unsa na?

Who is that?(Over there)- Kinsa to?

Last modified on Thursday, 14 July 2011 19:27
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